This image from Japan’s ALOS satellite was acquired over Anatolia’s dry, central plateau on the Asian side of Turkey. Also known as Asia Minor, the Anatolian peninsula is surrounded by the Black Sea to the north, Mediterranean Sea to the south and Aegean Sea to the west. In this image over the central high plains, we can see the whole of Lake Tersakan (It is located at an elevation of 920 meters above sea level) on the left side, with part of Lake Tuz in the upper right corner.
The Salt Lake, Tersakan Lake and Tuz Lake are so important because of its contribution to country economy and enabling ecosystem services for endangered bird species. In recent years, Tersakan Lake in in danger of completely drying.
Tersakan Lake have Na-Cl water type and EC values can be reached 592.670μS/cm in rainy season. All of the lakes are alkaline type with 8.15 and 9.46 pH values. Al, As, P and B values in the Salt Lake; As, Se, P and B values in the Tersakan Lake;
Lake Tuz is Turkey’s second largest lake, as well as one of the largest saline lakes in the world. While some of the surrounding land shows the patchwork of agriculture, other areas are prone to the seasonal flooding of salty water. During the summer months, however, the lakewater recedes to expose a thick layer of salt.
The bright white surface during these dry summer months has been used by Earth-observing satellites to calibrate their sensors for the color white – much like how you would adjust a camera’s white balance setting. The salt from Lake Tuz is also mined, providing over half of the salt consumed in Turkey. Caption collected by Alireza Taravat. Image Credit: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).